Children’s Rights

Rastra Dhoj Karki

A child is any person under the age of 18. In law, a minor is a person under a certain age, usually the age of majority, which legally divides childhood from adulthood. Every child should have a secure future by which the child should benefit directly from it and should also help that child contribute to the well-being of society.
The Children Rights are a subset of human rights with specific attention to the rights of special protection and care afforded to minors. It first started in 1917; the Russian Revolution, the Moscow branch of the organisation Proletkult (an experimental Soviet artistic institution) produced a Declaration of The Children Rights.

Normal Development
Later, the League of Nations adopted the Geneva Declaration of Rights of the Child (1924), which declared The Children Rights to help children receive the requirements for normal development. The right of the hungry child to eat, the right of the sick child to receive health care, the right of the backward child to be reclaimed, the right of orphans to shelter, and the right to protection from exploitation.
The United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) in Article 25(2) recognised the need for motherhood and childhood for special protection and assistance and the right of all children to social support. Finally, The United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) was established in 1946; in the aftermath of World War II.
The fundamental human rights for children as per UNICEF guidelines are:
No discrimination: No child should be unfairly treated or discriminated against for any reason.
Best interests of the child: The child should be raised under proper care. All adults should do what is best for children.
Making rights real: The Government must enforce Children’s Rights in their countries.
Family Guidance as children develops: Governments should let families and communities guide their children; so when growing up, they learn to use their rights in the best way.
Life survival and development: Every child has the right to be alive. Governments must make sure that children survive and develop in the best possible way.
Name and Nationality: Children must have a name and nationality. Whenever possible, children should know their parents and be looked after by them.
Identity: Children must have their own identity, an official record having their details, and family relations.
Keeping families together: Children should not separate from their parents or guardians. The child must stay in contact with both of the parents unless this might hurt the child.
Contacts with parents across countries: Governments must allow the child or the parents to travel across the country to meet.
Protection from Kidnapping: Governments must stop children from being taken out of the country without parental approval.
Respect for Children’s Views: Kids reserve the option to offer their viewpoints uninhibitedly on issues that influence them. Grown-ups ought to listen seriously.
Protection from violence: Governments should shield children from viciousness, misuse, and being ignored by any individual who takes care of them.
Children without families: Each child who cannot be cared for by their own family has the privilege to be taken by individuals who regard the children’s religion, culture, language, and different parts of their life.
Children who are adopted: When a child is adopted, the most important thing is to do the best for them.
Refugee Children: Children from another country should get the same Children Rights as children born in that country.
Children with disabilities: Every child with a disability should enjoy the best possible life in society.
Health, Water, Food, and Environment: Children have the right to the best health care, clean water to drink, healthy food to survive, and live in a clean environment.
Social and Economic Help: Governments should provide money or other support to help children affected by poverty.
Access to Education: Every child has the right to an education.
Protection from harmful drugs: Parents and Governments should protect children from dangerous drugs.
Protection from sexual abuse: The Government and society should protect children from any sexual exploitation.
Protection from exploitation: Children have the right to be protected from exploitation (being taken advantage of).
Children who break the law: Children have the right to seek legal help or get fair treatment.
Everyone must know Children’s Rights: The Government and society should inform children and adults about Children’s Rights.
Kids and youngsters have broad common liberties as grown-ups and explicit rights that perceive their exceptional necessities. Kids are neither the property of their parents nor are they vulnerable objects of good cause. They are people and are the subject of their privileges.

Children’s Privileges
Children’s Rights offers a dream to the child as an individual, with rights and obligations fitting to their age and phase of advancement. By perceiving the children’s privileges along these lines, the general public should firmly focus on each child.
Organisations defending Children’s Human Rights:
UNICEF (United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund) (New York City, NY)
ECPAT International (Bangkok, Thailand)
Plan International (Woking, England)
Child Rights International Network (CRIN)
Defence for Children International (DCI) (Geneva, Switzerland)
Save the Children (London, England)
World Vision
International Bureau for Children’s Rights (IBCR) (Montreal, Canada)
WE Charity (Ontario, Canada)
Many other organizations working to defend children’s rights.
Many countries are planning to vaccinate teenagers against COVID-19, starting from age 12. At this moment, Pfizer has embraced clinical trials in solid kids ages a half year to 11 years. The children, divided into three age groups: a half year to 2 years, 2 to 5 years, and 5 to 12 years. Moderna is also undergoing a clinical trial for children ages a half year to 11 years.
Johnson and Johnson and Novavax are proceeding with their clinical trials in youths somewhere in the range of 12 and 17. The government should act as soon as possible on the vaccination of all children.
Masks on children can have varying effects based on the child’s social needs and developmental milestones. WHO (World Health Organisation) and UNICEF (United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund) advise on the following:
Children under five years old should not wear masks based on the safety and overall interest of the child. Instead, they should:
Avoid people who are sick.
Washing hands of the child whenever they are exposed to crowds or have been outside the house.
Cleaning surfaces that people touch a lot.
Adults and children above the age of 12 should wear masks near infants and toddlers.
Children aged 6 to 11 years should wear masks only if:
Whether there is widespread transmission in the area where the child resides.
The ability of the child to safely wear a mask.
Access to masks, regular cleaning, or replacement.
Give instructions to the child.
Potential impact of learning and social behaviour on the child.
Interactions of the child with people affected by or prone to illness.

Children aged 12 and over should wear a mask under the same conditions as adults.
Children are fragile and innocent living beings, and are easily influenced by adults and their behaviours.
They should be raised under proper care: given education and taught discipline. Since kids are the eventual fate of humankind, worldwide associations should guarantee an environment where they can develop. It is necessary to consider those kids who were subject to exploitation.

Source : TRN,