China launches inspection of airlines as search of crash victims continues

(Reuters) – The Chinese aviation regulator has launched a sector-wide inspection for potential safety lapses as authorities race to search for victims and the black boxes of a commercial jet that crashed in the mountains of southern China.

The cause of the crash of the China Eastern Airlines (600115.SS) jet in Guangxi region on Monday is yet to be determined, with Chinese aviation authorities warning that their investigation would be very difficult because of the severe damage to the aircraft.

The two-week inspection of the sector will involve checks at all regional air traffic control bureaus, airline companies and flight training institutes to ensure the “absolute” safety of aviation operations and people’s lives, the Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC) said late on Tuesday.

Since the crash, China Eastern and two subsidiaries have grounded their fleet of more than 200 Boeing (BA.N) 737-800 jets. The last commercial jetliner to crash in mainland China was in 2010, when an Embraer E-190 regional jet flown by Henan Airlines went down.Highlighting the top-level concern, Vice Premier Liu He went to Guangxi on Monday night to oversee search-and-rescue operations. A vice premier was similarly sent to the site of the crash in 2010.

Officials in charge of the search and rescue are going “all out in their search as long as there is a glimmer of hope,” after a special meeting on Tuesday helmed by Liu, according to state media reports.

Officials were also told to release information “in accordance with the principles of timeliness, accuracy, openness and transparency”, and the broader aviation sector must carry out special checks to prevent the occurrence of major safety accidents.

At the first news conference held by the government late on Tuesday night in Guangxi, an aviation official said the 737-800 jet that crashed had met airworthiness standards before take-off and crew members had been in good health.


Hundreds of rescuers have been searching for the victims after the Boeing jet crashed with 132 people on board. No survivors have been found, a situation that state media has described as grim.

A jet appeared to dive to the ground at an angle of about 35 degrees from the vertical in video images from a vehicle’s dashboard camera, according to Chinese media. Reuters could not immediately verify the footage.

Flight MU5735 was en route from the southwestern city of Kunming, capital of Yunnan province, to Guangzhou in Guangdong province bordering Hong Kong, when it suddenly plunged from cruising altitude at about the time when it would normally start to descend ahead of its landing.

“A ‘normal’ rate of descent at ‘normal’ descent speeds from 29,000 feet would be 2,000-3,000 feet per minute depending on a few different things,” said an airline pilot outside of China, speaking on condition of anonymity.

Even a rapid descent during a depressurisation event would only be about double that rate, the pilot said. FlightRadar24 said the aircraft reached a descent rate of 31,000 feet per minute.

The disaster comes as Boeing seeks to rebound from several crises, notably the impact of the coronavirus pandemic on air travel and safety concerns over its 737 MAX model following two deadly crashes.

China Eastern also faces deepening losses and closer regulatory scrutiny following the crash.

The tragedy has shocked a country which has one of the best airline safety records in the world and whose aviation industry was over the past decade, prior to COVID, one of the world’s fastest growing markets by passenger traffic.